paleo databases

Data Archives

1. NOAA/NCDC Paleo Data: The world’s largest active archive of weather data. Provides access and stewardship to the Nation’s resource of global climate and weather related data and information, and assess and monitor climation variation and change. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/ncdc.html

2. Miocene Mammal Mapping Project (MioMap): Integrates a Geographic Information System (GIS) wish a detailed Miocene database (Arikareean through Hemphillian Land-Mammal Ages) to provide comprehensive spatial and temporal analysis of Miocene mammal taxa, localities and associated data for the Western US. http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/miomap/

3. Neotoma (Paleoecology Database): A multiproxy database that includes fossil data for the past 5 million years, the time during which modern species, including humans, and modern ecosystems appeared. Initial database aggregates the Global Pollen Database, FAUNMAP, the North American Plant Macrofossil Database, and a fossil beetle database into a single integrated database. http://www.neotomadb.org/

4. Global Palaeofire Working Group (Global Charcoal Database): NEW version coming spring 2011. Two global syntheses have enabled the examination of broad-scale patterns in palaeofire activity, provided new insights into the long-term interactions of fire, vegetation and climate, identified gaps in the existing palaeofire data and also allowing us to validate global model simulations. http://www.gpwg.org/home.html

5. International Multiproxy Paleofire Database (IMPD): An archive of fire history data derived from natural proxies. Includes data from tree scars and establishment data and charcoal in sediment records. Provides a permanent repository for high-quality paleofire records from around the world. http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/impd/paleofire.html

6. European Pollen Database (EPD): To find data, the principal way to access is Fossil Pollen Database Viewer (FPD). With FPD, you can find sites and data by country or investigator or site name. FPD has an extensive tool for visualizing (graphing) taxa from one or more sites. http://www.europeanpollendatabase.net/data/

7. African Pollen Database (APD): An international network, which supports the development of scientific research in Africa in the field of past environmental and climate change. Long-term objective is to collect pollen data. http://medias3.mediasfrance.org/apd/accueil.htm

8. Soil Data Mart: Site contains tabular data (including interpretations), digitized spatial data (SSURGO & STATSGO), FGDC compliant SSURGO metadata file, partial SSA or whole SSA. http://soildatamart.nrcs.usda.gov/

9. Neogene of the Old World (NOW): Database contains information about Eurasian Miocene to Pleistocene land mammal taxa and localities, with emphasis on the European Miocene and Pilocene. Nucleus of the database is a locality table and a species table, relationally linked by means of a locality-species correlation table. http://www.helsinki.fi/science/now/

10. Mammal Networked Information System (MaNIS): Network provides access to mammal specimen records from a variety of museum collection databases via several equivalent portals. http://manisnet.org/portals.html

11. Ornithology Information System (ORNIS): Avian datasets http://www.ornisnet.org/ and http://128.32.146.144/pres/PresentationServlet?action=home

12. HerpNET: A global network of herpetological collections data. http://www.herpnet.org/herpnet/portal.html

13. The Paleobiology Database (PBDB): Public resource that provides global, collection-based occurrence and taxonomic data for marine and terrestrial animals and plants of any geological age, as well as web-based software for statistical analysis. Full descriptions are in the Online Systematics Archives and there are data summary tables. http://www.paleodb.org/

14. Ecochange: Work is divided into 9 “activities”, which include New DNA-based paleo data and New DNA-based dispersion data. http://www.ecochange-project.eu/ecochange-project/activities

15. Ecotrends: Project is designed to promote and enable the use and synthesis of long-term data to examine these trends in the Earth’s ecosystems. Website is portal to a large and diverse collection of standardized long-term ecological datasets and their metadata (> 1200 datasets). Can browse datasets by sites, spatial, temporal, timesteps, and variable names. http://www.ecotrends.info/EcoTrends/

16. USGS/NOAA North American Packrat Midden Database: Offers the most comprehensive, high-quality archive of midden data available for North America, and facilitates Quarternary paleoenvironmental studies on a range of local to regional scales. http://esp.cr.usgs.gov/data/midden/

17. USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN): Monitors the influence of climate on the phenology of plants, animals, and landscapes. Site allows you to download contemporary (2009-2010) plant and animal phenology observations. Three ways to access phenology data sets: view data sets records submitted through the USA-NPN data set registry tool, use the USA-NPN Mercury Search Engine, and view the National Climatic Data Center’s Phenology Records. http://www.usanpn.org/results

18. Vertnet: 72 institutions globally with 59 more who have committed to or expressed interest in participating, together sharing over 84.3 million vertebrate records online through 4 networks divided by biological discipline: MaNIS (mammalogy), HerpNET (herpetology), ORNIS (ornithology), and FishNet (ichthyology). http://vertnet.org/networks/vnportal.php

19. Neogene Mammal Mapping Portal (Neomap): Sites contains links to The Quarternary Faunal Mapping Project (FAUNMAP), which provides a way to map occurrences of mammal species in North America through the last five million years, and also a link to the Miocene Mammal Mapping Project (Miomap). http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/neomap/

20. The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans (ROCEEH): Reconstructs the spatial and temporal patterns of the expansions of hominins between 3 million and 20,000 years ago in Africa and Eurasia. (All data relevant to human evolution. Climate, organisms, environmental data of all types). http://www.roceeh.uni-tuebingen.de/roceeh/index.php?id=2&L=0

21. Paleoportal: Among many other things, the site contains links to numerous (17) North American databases. You can narrow your search by North American region or state. http://www.paleoportal.org/index.php?globalnav=doing_paleo§ionnav=more_submissions&state_id=0&submission_type_id=28&type_id=5

22. Anthropology and the Environment: A Section of the American Anthropological Association (Environmental Anthropology- EANTH): Among many other things, contains a link to various databases including Agricola (database of the National Agricultural Library and includes two databases: one of NAL holdings and another devoted entirely to journal articles and book chapters), Anthropological Index Online (index of current periodicals in the Museum of Mankind Library), and UMI Dissertation Express (all U.S. dissertations go back to the 1800s). http://www.eanth.org/onlineresources2.php?resource=internet.php

23. European Environment Agency (EEA): Contains downloadable datasets about Europe’s environment. Can search and narrow down datasets by topic (i.e. biodiversity, soil, climate change), geographic coverage, and quicklinks. Main datasets include AirBase (European air quality database), Zones in relation to EU air quality thresholds, National emissions reported to the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP Convention), National emissions reported to the UNFCCC and to the EU Greenhouse Gas Monitoring Mechanism, and National Emission Ceilings (NEC) Directive Inventory. http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data#c5=all&c11=&c17=&c0=5&b_start=0

24. Bugs Coleopteran Ecology Package (BugsCEP): Built around a comprehensive database of insect ecology and fossil records which has been accumulated over the past 20 years. Geographical scope is mainly European, although some of the 770+ sites fall outside of this region. Latest version contains mainly beetle data, but also includes numerous non-beetle Quaternary taxa including flies, bugs and ants, totaling over 9400 taxa. Developed by Buckland from Sweden includes species, fossil records, climate and ecology. http://www.bugscep.com/intro.html

25. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS): Part of the Australian National Botanic Gardens (ANBG) and Australian National Herbarium. Databases include Australian plant names, herbarium specimen data, images of Australian plants, living plants in Australian botanic gardens, other CPBR and ANBG plant name facilities, flora of Australia online. Also contains links to Environmental Resources Information Network (ERIN), threatened species database, weeds Australia database, International Plant Names Index, GBIF, Australian botanical and vegetation databases for landcare groups, and other botanical databases from around the world. http://www.cpbr.gov.au/cpbr/databases/index.html

26. Aquatic Bioassessment Data for the Nation (BioData): The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Biodata Retrieval system provides access to aquatic bioassessment data (biological community and physical habitat data) collected by USGS scientists from stream ecosystems across the nation. Features include fish, aquatic macroinvertebrate, and algae community samples; physical data sets (samples), such as reach habitat and light availability, that were collected to support the community sample analyses; find data of interest based on criteria (filters), such as data type, location, date, or taxonomy. https://aquatic.biodata.usgs.gov/landing.action

27. NutNethttp://www.nutnet.umn.edu/

28. The National Soil Carbon Networkhttp://www.fluxdata.org/NSCN/SitePages/Home.aspx

29. Fluxnet Synthesis Datasetfluxnet.org

Data & Metadata Warehouses

1. Pangea: Open Access library aimed at archiving, publishing and distributing georeferenced data from earth system research. http://www.pangaea.de/

2. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity: A network intended to facilitate ecological and environmental research on biocomplexity. Discovery, access, interpretation, integration, and analysis of complex ecological data http://knb.ecoinformatics.org

3. NBII Metadata Clearinghouse: A broad, collaborative program to provide increased access to data and information on the nation’s biological resources http://mercury.ornl.gov/clearinghouse/

4. FGDC/NSDI Metadata Clearinghouse: Access to all registered geographic information and related online access services within the United States. Geographic data, imagery, applications, documents, web sites and other resources have been catalogued for discovery in this portal. http://gos2.geodata.gov/wps/portal/gos

5. GBIF Taxonomic Collections: Network of interoperable databases that contain primary biodiversity data, that holders across the world can access and share them http://www.gbif.org/

6. Dryad: Repository of data underlying peer-reviewed articles in the basic and applied biosciences http://datadryad.org/

7. TOPP: Access and explain the diversity and abundance of life in the oceans, and where that life has lived, is living, and will live. http://www.topp.org/

8. Kruger National Park/SAEON: CoGIS is a collaborative platform for the sharing of the spatial data and its meta-data http://data.saeon.ac.za/

9. Open-Source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol (OPeNDAP)/Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS): The Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) is a multidisciplinary system designed to enhance our ability to collect, deliver, and use ocean information http://www.ioos.gov/dif/

10. VegBank: The vegetation plot database of the Ecological Society of America’s Panel on Vegetation Classification. VegBank consists of three linked databases that contain (1) the actual plot records, (2) vegetation types recognized in the U.S. National Vegetation Classification and other vegetation types submitted by users and (3) all plant taxa recognized by IT IS/USDA as well as all other plant taxa recorded in plot records. http://www.vegbank.org/vegbank/index.jsp

11. TreeBase: A repository of phylogenetic information, specifically user-submitted phylogenetic trees and the data used to generate them. http://www.treebase.org/treebase-web/home.html

12. Storage Resource Broker: A Data Grid Management System (DGMS) or simply a logical distributed file system based on a client-server architecture which presents the user with a single global logical namespace or file hierarchy. http://www.sdsc.edu/srb/index.php/Main_Page

13. iRODS: The Integrated Rule-Oriented Data-management System, a community-driven, open source, data grid software solution. https://www.irods.org/

14. ORNL DAAC: Provides data and information relevant to biogeochemical dynamics, ecological data, and environmental processes, critical for understanding the dynamics relating to the biological, geological and chemical components of Earth’s environment. http://daac.ornl.gov/

15. Global Change Master Directory: Assist researchers, policy makers, and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services, and ancillary information on Global change. http://gcmd.nasa.gov/

16. ESA Data Registry: Publicly accessible registry describing scientific data sets on ecology and the environment. They are registered here in order to facilitate communication and data sharing by scientists. http://data.esa.org/esa/style/skins/esa/index.jsp

17. Ecological Archives (data papers): Ecological Archives publishes materials that are supplemental to articles that appear in the ESA journals as well as peer-reviewed Data Papers with abstracts published in the printed journals http://esapubs.org/archive/archive_D.htm

18. Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS): Allows users to search marin species datasets from all of the world’s oceans. http://www.iobis.org/

19. Global Population Dynamics Database (GPDD): Site offers the largest collection of animal and plant population data in the world. The type of data varies considerably from annual counts of mammals or birds at individual sampling sites to weekly counts of zooplankton and other marine fauna. http://www3.imperial.ac.uk/cpb/research/patternsandprocesses/gpdd

© 2013 Jenn Marlon